Table 2

Opioid Knowledge Assessment Topics and Scoresa

Topic of QuestionNumeric Score (% Correct Answers)Numeric Score (% Incorrect Answers)
Definition of opioid tolerance  7 (29)17 (71)
Indications for extended-release opiates  5 (21)19 (79)
Equianalgesic conversion ratio between morphine and hydromorphone20 (83)  4 (17)
Sleep apnea as a risk factor for opioid-induced respiratory depression18 (75)  6 (25)
Role of benzodiazepines in contributing to oversedation after opioids22 (92)2 (8)
Patient risk factors (age and body mass index) for opioid-induced oversedation and respiratory depression17 (71)  7 (29)
Pharmacokinetics of opioids used in dosage-escalation strategy15 (63)  9 (38)
Sedation from opioids as a risk factor for subsequent respiratory depression21 (88)  3 (13)
Dosage reduction when converting from one opioid to another due to incomplete cross-tolerance11 (46)13 (54)
Value of respiratory rate over pulse oximetry and apnea monitoring as an indicator of respiratory depression13 (54)11 (46)
Working knowledge of Pasero Opioid Sedation Scaleb19 (79)  5 (21)
Need for dosage reduction due to incomplete cross-tolerance12 (50)12 (50)
Sedation as the first sign of respiratory depression before abnormal vital signs  5 (21)19 (79)
  • a Percentages rounded to nearest whole number.

  • b Answer is reported as percentage who answered yes.